The COVID-19 pandemic has had quite a few repercussions on the financial system. One in all them has been the massive enhance in absenteeism. More often than not, justifiably, because of well being issues or household care. However up to now yr the speed has risen to ranges by no means seen earlier than, which has generated nice losses within the productive sector. Listed here are the keys to this phenomenon.
Absenteeism: what’s it and when does it happen?
The time period “absenteeism” within the context of the employment panorama refers back to the absence from work for infrequent causes. For justified or unjustified causes. Among the many former are, amongst others, sick depart or work accidents. The explanations for lacking work are varied.
There may be speak of justified absenteeism when the employee processes a depart because of incapacity for work. Like a low from melancholy. Or request permission to handle a sick member of the family.
The absenteeism charge It’s calculated by dividing the hours not labored because of occasional causes by the entire variety of efficient agreed hours. In Spain, these efficient hours are about 1,800 per employee per yr. Due to this fact, the hours of labor misplaced because of an ERTE aren’t taken into consideration.
Information assortment and examine
The X Adecco Report on Absenteeism analyzes this phenomenon in our nation for the previous yr 2020. And it takes into consideration an increase within the charge in comparison with the earlier yr, 2019, when it was already excessive, above 5%.
The report considers information by autonomous communities to get nearer to the distribution of the phenomenon geographically. However so does by financial sectors. It additionally consists of the outcomes of the most recent survey on fraudulent absenteeism and the figures offered by mutuals. Lastly, add a comparability with information from different nations.
There aren’t any particular official statistics on this phenomenon. However, the INE survey on hours labored and never labored, together with their causes, serves as the premise for the report. It’s the Quarterly Labor Value Survey (ECTL) that’s carried out on firms with greater than 500 staff. It consists of all of the productive sectors besides the first one and a really small a part of the companies sector.
The panorama in our nation in 2020
The aforementioned report signifies that throughout the previous yr the absenteeism charge in our nation exceeded 7%. It thus reached an all-time excessive. This share interprets into nearly 1.7 billion working hours not labored. In variety of staff it’s nearly 1,000,000 individuals who, having work, didn’t go to their posts. In comparison with the earlier yr, it represents a rise of 240 hours and 123 staff.
By way of financial losses, absenteeism in 2020 meant nearly 37,000 million euros gross, above 3% of Spanish GDP.
The report acknowledges that the pandemic has had quite a bit to do with these information. The contagion of hundreds of individuals, excessive numbers of hospital admissions and instances of persistent COVID have elevated sick depart. However not solely, the necessity to look after family members has additionally precipitated the variety of permits to develop. To that are added the hours that haven’t been capable of work because of lack of provides, although the employees had gone to their positions.
However past the pandemic, the report features a broad literature on absenteeism. The analyzed literature signifies that there’s a direct relationship between lengthy working hours and the years labored within the firm and the absence of the place. Additionally between protection for incapacity for work and absenteeism. In addition to between a poisonous work atmosphere and absences from work. Nonetheless, it seems that pay for outcomes and firm dimension have a damaging correlation with absences.